China and India have surpassed Mexico for the first time as the top sending countries of immigrants to the United States, according to research conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. While the debate over immigration reform in the United States often focuses on Mexican immigrants to the United States, data from the U.S. Census Bureau shows that the number of Mexicans immigrating to the United States has been on the decline since 2004.
As the chart from the U.S. Census Bureau shows, Mexican immigrants to the U.S. peaked in 2000 when over 400,000 immigrants from Mexico came to the U.S. That number has dwindled to 125,000 in 2013, well behind China’s 147,000 and India’s 129,000 immigrants to the United States. NBC News reported that in 2000, “41.2 percent of all foreign-born immigrants were Hispanic, but by 2009, that number had fallen to 30.1 percent, while the rate of immigration for non-Hispanic Asian, foreign-born grew to 34.7 percent.” Asians now represent the fastest growing minority group in the United States, a title Hispanics have held for years, with a growth rate of 2.9%, according to Census data.
Hispanics remain the largest minority group in the United States; however, Census data shows that a slowing birth rate coupled with an increase in the number of immigrants from other countries, mainly China and India, have eclipsed Hispanic’s growth rate in the United States. While Hispanic growth in the United States may how slowed, the Census Bureau projects the Hispanic population in the United States to more than double from 53 million in 2012 to 129 million in 2060. Additionally, Mexican immigrants remain the most apprehended immigrants in the United States, accounting for nearly 65% of immigration apprehensions in the United States during Fiscal Year 2013, according to the Department of Homeland Security.